Home Blog

The key differences between the verbs Saber and Conocer

0

To really understand a language, and to be able to communicate in it, you need to understand not only what a word means, but how it is used. For example, in Spanish, the words “saber” and “conocer” both generally mean “to know.” So why two words for the same concept?

While saber and conocer both refer to knowledge, they refer to different types of knowledge. The language is developed this way to allow people to talk specifically about different kinds of knowing – the same way, for example, in English, one might say “I know,” “I understand,” or “I get it.” These phrases all mean similar things but are used in different contexts and carry different shades of meanings to people who are equipped to understand them.

The word saber refers to knowledge of an abstract sense. This includes things like facts and information. The word conocer refers to knowledge of people, objects, places, and things.

Let’s say your friend Tom is at Beehive Park. If you are telling your other friend Julie about Tom’s location, you would use the verb saber: “Yo sé dónde está Tom.” Here, you are telling Julie that you have knowledge about Tom’s current location. On the other hand, if you were telling your friend Julie that you are familiar with the park that Tom is currently at, you would use the verb conocer: “Yo conozco Beehive Park.”

At a very basic level, you can think of the difference between saber and conocer as the difference between knowledge and familiarity. Saber is also used when you want to talk about things you have memorized or you know by heart, or when you want to talk about knowledge or a skill you have.

The trickiest difference between saber and conocer is this: When you want to talk about your knowledge of a particular subject, you can use either saber or conocer, depending on the context. Again, it boils down to knowledge of a subject versus familiarity with a subject. For example, if you want to say that Andre doesn’t understand trigonometry, you would use saber, since he does not have the knowledge of how to do trigonometry. On the other hand, if you want to say that Andre was familiar with trigonometry – that is, that he knows it’s a type of math that involves triangles – you would use the verb conocer.

The difference between saber and conocer can be difficult, but it is one of the things that is absolutely vital to learn if you want to master the Spanish language!

Saber Vs Conocer

In this quiz you check your understading about the difference between the verbs Saber and Conocer in Spanish. Choose the right option to complete the sentence.

La comida en español listening activity (food in Spanish)

La comida en español listening activity (food in Spanish)

In this intermediate lesson you will learn about food in Spanish through an animated video.

1. Watch the video
2. Answer the comprehension questions
3. Read the transcription


 

Transcription:

Hello and welcome to the Spanish Show, my name is Freddy Gutierrez and I am your host; in this episode we will talk about food. We will have three sections: the first part is about some vocabulary and communicative tips to talk about food in Spanish. The second section is a piece of news about food and the last part will be a conversation.

 

Key vocabulary and communicative tips to talk about food in Spanish:

The basic meals are:

Desayuno (breakfast)
Almuerzo (lunch)
Cena (dinner)

When you want to ask someone about what he o she has for breakfast, lunch or dinner, you can say:

-¿Qué comes al desayuno, almuerzo o cena?

To talk about types of food in Spanish you first say “comida” (which means: food) and then the adjective (Chinese, Italian or Japanese). Examples:

Comida argentina
Comida rápida

 To talk about preferences we use the verbs “encantar” and “gustar” in Spanish, examples:

Me encantan las frutas (I love fruits)
A mi hermano le gustan los vegetales (My brother likes vegetables)

 

News about food:

La semana pasada se realizó una encuesta nacional para saber los hábitos alimenticios de los ciudadanos. Estos son los resultados:

El 80% de los encuestados dijo que desayunaba a las 7 de la mañana regularmente con una bebida caliente (té o café) y pan.

El 40% de los encuestados manifestó que almuerzan a la 1 de la tarde con una comida rápida (hamburguesa o pizza).

El 20% dijo que no cenaban porque llegaban muy tarde y cansados a sus casas.

El secretario de “Bienestar Ciudadano” se mostró muy preocupado con los resultados de esta encuesta.


Conversation about food:

A: Buenos días, ¿cuál es su nombre?
B: Me llamo Andrea Pérez.
A: Voy a hacer unas preguntas sobre comida, la primera ¿Qué come al desayuno?
B: Como huevos, café y pan. Me encanta el pan por eso como 5 panes todos los días.
A: ¿A qué hora almuerza?
B: mmm regularmente a las 12 del día de lunes a viernes y a las 2 de la tarde los fines de semana.
A: ¿Usted cena con su familia?
B: Sí, es una costumbre en mi país cenar con toda la familia.
A: ¿Cuál es su comida favorita?
B: Mi comida favorita es la hamburguesa; me gusta mucho aunque no es muy saludable.
A: ¿Le gusta cocinar?
B: Sí, todos los domingos concino con mi esposo.
A: Gracias. Hasta luego.
B: OK, adiós.

Llegamos al final de este episodio. Nos vemos la próxima semana con un nuevo capítulo del “Spanish Show” Hasta pronto

Eso, ese, esa, esos, esas exercises in Spanish ejercicios

Eso, ese, esa, esos, esas exercises in Spanish ejercicios en español

Read the following sentences and type the correct option: “eso” “ese” “esa” “esos” “esas”. You can find the right answers and the translations in English at the bottom of this page. 

Quiz 1

 

 

Correct answers and translation:

  • ¡Mira! ¿Qué es eso en la sopa? Tranquila sólo es una mosca. (Look! What’s that? Relax, it is just a fly)
  • Esas casas tienen cinco baños, dos piscinas y doce dormitorios. (Those houses have five bathrooms, two swimming pools and twelve bedrooms)
  • Esa carta fue escrita por mi padre en 1973. (That letter was written by my father in 1973)
  • Ese señor que está en la cafetería es mi profesor de biología. (That man in the cafetería is my biology teacher)
  • Si tienes tiempo, quiero que leas esos libros que están el mesa. (If you have time, I want you to read those books on the table)
  • Por favor me pasas esas carpetas azules. (Please pass me those blue folders)
  • Eso es lo que más me gusta de la película. (That is what I like the most about the movie)
  • A mi no me gusta ese tipo de comida; me parece muy simple. (I do not like that type of food; I think it is too simple)

Muy, mucho, mucha, muchos, muchas exercises ejercicios

Muy, mucho, mucha, muchos, muchas exercises in Spanish ejercicios en español

Read the sentences and type the correct option: “muy” “mucho” “mucha” “muchos” or “muchas”. You can find the right answers and the translations in English at the botton of this page. 

 

 

 

 

Correct answers and translation:

  • Infortunadamente hoy no tengo mucho dinero. (Unfortunately today I don’t have much money)
  • Mi profesora de la universidad tiene 32 años y es {muy} sexy. (My teacher at the universit is 32 years old and very sexy)
  • Cuando era muy pequeña vivía en Chile tenia muchas muñecas.  (When I was little I live in Chile and I had a lot of dolls)
  • Finalmente, volví a casa después de un viaje muy largo. (Finally, I came back home after a very long trip)
  • Carlos no está pasando por un buen momento, creo él va a necesitar mucha fuerza. (Carlos is not having a good time; I think he will need a lot of strength)
  • Mi amigo Andrés tiene muchos perros en su casa, más o menos 10. (My friend Andrés has a lot of dog at home, about 10)
  • Debido a los cambios en la economía, mi compañía tiene muchos problemas financieros.  (Due to the changes in the economy, my company has a lot of financial problems)
  • Tengo mucho frio, voy a ponerme una chaqueta. (I am very cold; I’m going to put a jacket on)
  • Para ser feliz la gente necesita mucha paciencia. (People need a lot of patience to be happy)

Personal pronouns exercises in Spanish Ejercicios pronombres

0

Personal pronouns exercises in Spanish (ejercicios de pronombres personales en español)

In the following exercises you will practice the personal pronouns in Spanish. Read the sentences and then choose the correct option.

The seasons in Spanish: short conversation and listening activity.

Learn the seasons in Spanish through a short conversation where two native Spanish speakers talk about their favorite seasons. 

In this lesson:
1. Useful vocabulary.
2. Conversation and listening comprehension exercise.
3. Transcription and translation. 

 1. Before listening. Vocabulary: Listen and repeat. las estaciones vocabulario

Las estaciones: the seasons
Verano: summer
Otoño: fall, autumn
Invierno: winter
Primavera: spring 

Useful vocabulary for the conversation:

[symple_accordion]
[symple_accordion_section title=”Words in Spanish”]
1. Piscina
2. Mar
3. Nadar
4. Esquí
5. Caer
6. Hoja
7. Florecer
[/symple_accordion_section]
[symple_accordion_section title=”Translation in English”]
1. Swimming pool
2. Sea
3. Swim
4. Ski
5. Fall
6. Leaf
7. Bloom
[/symple_accordion_section]
[/symple_accordion]

2. Listen to the conversation and answer the questions: las estaciones conversacion

3. Read the transcription and the translation: 

[symple_tabgroup]
[symple_tab title=”News in Spanish”]

Mujer: Andrés ¿Cuál es tu estación favorita?
Hombre: Me gusta mucho el verano.
Mujer: ¿Por qué?
Hombre: Pues porque puedo ir a la piscina o al mar a nadar.
Mujer: A mi también me gusta nadar.
Hombre: ¿Y cuál es tu estación favorita?
Mujer: Me encanta el invierno.
Hombre: ¿Por qué?
Mujer: Porque puedo practicar deportes como el esquí.
Hombre: El esquí es muy divertido. ¿Qué piensas del otoño?
Mujer: Me gusta ver caer las hojas de los árboles.  
Hombre: ¿Y la primavera?
Mujer: Me encanta ver cómo florecen los árboles. 
Hombre: Es muy hermoso.
Mujer: ¿Sabías que hay países que no tienen estaciones?
Hombre: Sí, Colombia, Venezuela y Ecuador no tienen estaciones. 
[/symple_tab]
[symple_tab title=”Translation in English”]

Woman: Andrés, what is your favorite season?
Man: I like summer very much.
Woman: Why?
Man: Well, because I can go to the swimming pool or to the sea to swim.
Woman: I like swimming, too.
Man: And, what’s your favorite season?
Woman: I love winter.
Man: Why?
Woman: Because I can practice sports like ski.
Man: Skiing is fun. What do you think about fall?
Woman: I like seeing the leaves falling down from tress.
Man: What about spring?
Woman: I love seeing the flowers blooming.
Man: It’s beautiful.
Woman: Did you know that some countries do not have seasons?
Man: Yes, Colombia, Venezuela y Ecuador do not have seasons. 
[/symple_tab]
[/symple_tabgroup]

Quiz 1

Parts of the body in Spanish: Woman breaks the world record on cosmetic surgery

News to learn Spanish: parts of the body in Spanish with pronunciation and listening exercise about a woman breaks the world record on cosmetic surgery. 

The colors in Spanish The nationalities in Spanish: news to learn Spanish

The colors in Spanish and the nationalities in Spanish with pronunciation and listening exercise. News to learn Spanish. 

News to learn Spanish: The US Open Listening exercise

News to learn Spanish: Spanish listening activity about the US Open 2013 (tennis tournament) with vocabulary, comprehension exercise and transition in English.  

The alphabet in Spanish with pronunciation, dialogue and listening exercises

Lesson about the alphabet in Spanish with audio, pronunciation, dialogue and listening exercises.